Agro­potentiality of dairy industry effluent on the characteristics of Oryza sativa L. (Paddy)
Vimaldeep Kaur
Department of Chemistry, Poornima University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Gitanjali Sharma
Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technology, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India
Chandni Kirpalan
Department of Chemistry, Poornima University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
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Keywords

Dairy effluentPaddy growthSeed germinationSeedling growth

How to Cite

Kaur, V., Sharma, G., & Kirpalan, C. (2018). Agro­potentiality of dairy industry effluent on the characteristics of Oryza sativa L. (Paddy). Journal of Environmental Pollution, (4). Retrieved from http://scopuseu.com/scopus/index.php/jep/article/view/212
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Abstract

This research aimed at analyzing the agronomical characteristics of Oryza sativa L. under irrigation
with different concentrations of dairy industry effluent such as 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% along with
control. The studies revealed that the effluent is rich in some nutrients and altered the agronomical
characteristics of Oryza sativa L. and physio­chemical properties of the soil as well. On treatment of
soil with various effluent concentrations up to 30 days of harvesting, there was a significant impact
on the moisture content, porosity, water holding capacity, bulk density, organic carbon, humus,
phosphorous, potassium, calcium, chloride and nitrogen and insignificant effect on temperature, pH,
conductivity and salinity. The agronomical parameters such as seed germination, shoot length, root
length, total growth of plant, total fresh weight and dry weight of paddy seedlings were recorded to
be improved at lower concentrations of effluent i.e. till 50% as compared to control. Moreover, the
seedlings irrigated with low concentrations of effluent increased nitrogen and chlorophyll content in
plants. Interestingly, the use of dilution containing 50% effluent permitted the growth of superior
quality plants during early seedling growth phase. The results suggest that dairy industry effluent can
be reused to cultivate paddy, enabling a successful agriculture practice and reducing environmental
effects of improper effluent disposal to open land or water resources.

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